If you face this error, you won’t boot into your Windows, & you will be stuck in the restart loop. The full error message is “A disk read error occurred. Press Ctrl+Alt+Del to lớn restart” which means you need to press Ctrl + alternative text + Del khổng lồ restart your PC you will again see this error screen, hence the restart loop. Now the only way to get out of this infinite reboot loop is to fix the cause of this error and then only you would be able lớn boot into Windows normally.

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These are the various possible cause of this error:

Damaged or failing hard diskCorrupted memoryLoose or faulty HDD cablesCorrupt BCD or boot sectorIncorrect Boot OrderHardware issuesIncorrect MBR configurationIncorrect MBR configurationBIOS issueIncorrect active partition

These are the various issues that can cause “A disk read error occurred” but the most common cause of this error seems to be invalid MBR configuration or the absence of an active partition. So without wasting any time, let’s see how to fix A disk read error with the below-listed troubleshooting guide.


A disk read error occurred

Note: Make sure to lớn remove any bootable CDs, DVDs or USB Flash drive attached lớn the PC before following the below-listed methods.

Method 1: mix Correct Boot Disk Priority

You may be seeing the error “A disk read error occurred” because the boot order was not properly set, which means that computer is trying to lớn boot from another source which doesn’t have an operating system thus failing to bởi so. Lớn fix this issue, you need lớn set the Hard Disk as the top priority in the Boot order. Let’s see how lớn set proper boot order:

1. When your computer starts (Before the boot screen or the error screen), repeatedly press Delete or F1 or F2 key (Depending upon your computer’s manufacturer) to enter BIOS setup.


2. Once you are in BIOS setup, select the Boot tab from the list of options.


3. Now make sure that the computer Hard disk or SSD is mix as a top priority in the Boot order. If not, use up or down arrow keys lớn set hard disk at the top, which means the computer will first boot from it rather than any other source.

4. Finally, press F10 khổng lồ save this change and exit. This must-have Fix A disk read error occurred, if not then continue.

Method 2: kiểm tra if the Hard Disk is failing

If you are still not able khổng lồ Fix A disk read error occurred then chances are your hard disk might be failing. In this case, you need to replace your previous HDD or SSD with a new one và install Windows again. But before running to lớn any conclusion, you must run a Diagnostic tool to check if you really need to lớn replace the Hard Disk or not.


To run Diagnostics restart your PC & as the computer starts (before the boot screen), press F12 key. When the Boot menu appears, highlight the Boot to Utility Partition option or the Diagnostics option press enter khổng lồ start the Diagnostics. This will automatically check all the hardware of your system & will report back if any issue is found.

Method 3: kiểm tra if Hard Disk is properly connected

In most cases, this error occurs because of the faulty or loose connection of hard disk & to make sure that this is not the case where you need to check your PC for any fault in the connection.

Important: It is not recommended to open the casing of your PC if it’s under warranty as it will void your warranty, a better approach, in this case, will be taking your PC to lớn the service center. Also, if you don’t have any technical knowledge, then don’t mess with the PC và look for an expert technician who can help you kiểm tra for faulty or loose connection of hard disk.


Once you have checked the proper connection of hard disk is established, reboot your PC, and this time you may be able to Fix A disk read error occurred.

Method 4: Run Memtest86+

Note: Before starting, make sure you have access to another PC as you will need to download and burn Memtest86+ lớn the disc or USB flash drive.

1. Connect a USB flash drive lớn your system.

2. Tải về and install Windows Memtest86 Auto-installer for USB Key.

3. Right-click on the image file which you just downloaded and selected “Extract here” option.

4. Once extracted, open the folder and run the Memtest86+ USB Installer.

5. Choose you’re plugged in USB drive lớn burn the MemTest86 software (This will format your USB drive).


6. Once the above process is finished, insert the USB khổng lồ the PC, giving the A disk read error message.

7. Restart your PC & make sure that boot from the USB flash drive is selected.

8. Memtest86 will begin testing for memory corruption in your system.


9. If you have passed all the test, you can be sure that your memory is working correctly.

10. If some of the steps were unsuccessful, then Memtest86 will find memory corruption which means that your “A disk read error occurred” is because of bad/corrupt memory.

11.In order to Fix A disk read error, you will need lớn replace your RAM if bad memory sectors are found.

Method 5: Run Startup/Automatic Repair

1. Insert the Windows 10 bootable installation DVD or Recovery Disc and restart your PC.

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2. When prompted lớn Press any key to lớn boot from CD or DVD, press any key to continue.


3. Select your language preferences, và click Next. Click Repair your computer in the bottom-left.

4. On choose an option screen, click Troubleshoot.


5. On Troubleshoot screen, click the Advanced option.


6. On the Advanced options screen, click Automatic Repair or Startup Repair.


7. Wait till the Windows Automatic/Startup Repairs complete.

8. Restart and you have successfully Fix A disk read error occurred on Boot, if not, continue.

Also Read: How to lớn fix Automatic Repair couldn’t repair your PC.

Method 6: Run System file Checker (SFC) and check Disk (CHKDSK)

1. Press Windows Key + X then click on Command Prompt (Admin).


2. Now type the following in the cmd và hit enter:

Sfc /scannowsfc /scannow /offbootdir=c: /offwindir=c:windows


3. Wait for the above process lớn finish và once done, restart your PC.

4. Next, run CHKDSK to Fix file System Errors.

5. Let the above process complete and again reboot your PC to lớn save changes.

Method 7: Fix Boot Sector và Rebuild BCD

1. Using above method mở cửa command prompt using Windows installation disk.


2. Now type the following commands one by one và hit enter after each one:

bootrec.exe /FixMbrbootrec.exe /FixBootbootrec.exe /RebuildBcd


3. If the above command fails, then enter the following commands in cmd:

bcdedit /export C:BCD_Backupc:cd bootattrib bcd -s -h -rren c:ootcd bcd.oldbootrec /RebuildBcd


4. Finally, exit the cmd & restart your Windows.

5. This method seems to Fix A disk read error occurred on Startup or Disk Write error in Games lượt thích DOTA 2. But if it doesn’t work for you then proceed further..

Method 8: Change the Active Partition in Windows

1. Again go to lớn Command Prompt and type: diskpart


2. Now type these commands in Diskpart: (don’t type DISKPART)

DISKPART> select disk 1DISKPART> select partition 1DISKPART> activeDISKPART> exit


Note: Always mark the System Reserved Partition (generally 100MB) active and if you don’t have a System Reserved Partition, mark C: Drive as the active partition.

3. Restart khổng lồ apply changes và see if the method worked.

Method 9: Change SATA configuration

1. Turn off your laptop, then turn it on và simultaneously press F2, DEL or F12 (depending on your manufacturer)to enter into BIOS setup.


4. Finally, press F10 to save this change and exit.

Method 10: Perform a System Restore

1. Put in the Windows installation truyền thông or Recovery Drive/System Repair Disc và select your language preferences, and click Next

2. Click Repair your computer at the bottom.

3. Now, choose Troubleshoot & then Advanced Options.

4. Finally, click on “System Restore” and follow on-screen instructions khổng lồ complete the restore.


5. Restart your PC to lớn save changes.


That’s it you have successfully Fix A disk read error occurred but if you still have any questions regarding this post then feel không lấy phí to ask them in the comment’s section.